An endocannabinoid uptake inhibitor from black pepper exerts pronounced anti-inflammatory effects in mice
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I.R. Moreno, I. Najar-Guerrero, N. Escareno, M.E. Flores, J. Gertsch, J.M. Viveros-Paredes

Departamento de Farmacología, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Exactas e Ingenierías, Universidad de Guadalajara, Jalisco, México

Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry

Guineensine is a dietary N-isobutylamide widely present in black and long pepper (Piper nigrum and P. longum) previously shown to inhibit cellular endocannabinoid uptake. Given the role of endocannabinoids in inflammation and pain reduction, here we evaluated guineensine in mouse models of acute and inflammatory pain and endotoxemia. Significant dose-dependent anti-inflammatory effects (95.6 ± 3.1 % inhibition of inflammatory pain at 2.5 mg/kg i.p. and 50.0 ± 15.9 % inhibition of edema formation at 5 mg/kg i.p.) and acute analgesia (66.1 ± 28.1 % inhibition at 5.0 mg/kg i.p.) were observed. Moreover, guineensine inhibited pro-inflammatory cytokine production in endotoxemia. Intriguingly, guineensine and LPS independently induced catalepsy but in combination this effect was abolished. Both hypothermia and analgesia were blocked by the CB1 receptor inverse agonist rimonabant but the pronounced hypolocomotion was CB1 receptor-independent. A subsequent screen of 45 CNS-related receptors, ion channels and transporters revealed apparent interactions of guineensine with the dopamine transporter DAT, 5HT2A and sigma receptors, uncovering its prospective polypharmacology. The described potent pharmacological effects of guineensine might relate to the reported anti-inflammatory effects of pepper.

BIOSEB Instruments Used:
SMALGO: SMall animal ALGOmeter (BIO-SMALGO)

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