Oral supplementation with fish cartilage hydrolysate accelerates joint function recovery in rat model of traumatic knee osteoarthritis
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Authors
Y Henrotin, C Antoine, E Zwerts et al


Lab
Artialis SA, Tour GIGA, CHU Sart-Tilman, Liège, Belgium

Journal
Food Science &Nutrition

Abstract
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of oral fish cartilage hydrolysate (FCH) on symptoms and joint tissue structure in rat developing osteoarthritis induced surgically. Osteoarthritis was induced in the right knee of mature male Lewis rats (n = 12/group) by surgical transection of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACLT) combined with partial medial meniscectomy (pMMx). Two weeks after surgery, rats were treated orally with either control (sterile H2O) or FCH for four weeks. Pain and function were assessed by dynamic weight-bearing test (incapacitance test), electronic Von Frey (EVF; hindpaw allodynia threshold), and pressure algometer (knee allodynia threshold). Time and groups differences at each time point were evaluated using a mixed model. The histological features were evaluated eight weeks after surgery using OARSI score. Mann–Whitney test nonparametric test was applied to compare OARSI score. ACTL/pMMx surgery significantly reduced weight-bearing and increased allodynia and sensitivity thresholds of the operated paw/knee. Globally, FCH improved these parameters faster, but no significant difference between control and FCH groups was observed. Eight weeks after surgery, rats developed moderate OA lesions. Compared with control, FCH did not significantly modify OA lesion severity assessed using the OARSI score. In this mechanically induced OA model, 4 weeks of supplementation with FCH had no significant effect on cartilage lesion, but tends to accelerate pain relief and joint function recovery. This positive trend may have opened the way for further investigation of FCH as potential treatment of joint discomfort associated with OA.

BIOSEB Instruments Used:
Dynamic Weight Bearing 2.0 (BIO-DWB-DUAL),Electronic Von Frey 4 (BIO-EVF4),SMALGO: SMall animal ALGOmeter (BIO-SMALGO),Electronic Von Frey 5 with embedded camera (BIO-EVF5)

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