H Kashiwadani, Y Higa, M Sugimura et al
Kagoshima University, 8-35-1 Sakuragaoka, Kagoshima, 890-8544, Japan
Behavioral and Brain Functions
We had recently reported that linalool odor exposure induced significant analgesic effects in mice and that the effects were disappeared in olfactory-deprived mice in which the olfactory epithelium was damaged, thus indicating that the effects were triggered by chemical senses evoked by linalool odor exposure. However, the peripheral neuronal mechanisms, including linalool receptors that contribute toward triggering the linalool odor-induced analgesia, still remain unexplored. In vitro studies have shown that the transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) responded to linalool, thus raising the possibility that TRPA1 expressed on the trigeminal nerve terminal detects linalool odor inhaled into the nostril and triggers the analgesic effects. To address this hypothesis, we measured the behavioral pain threshold for noxious mechanical stimulation in TRPA1-defcient mice. In contrast to our expectation, we found a significant increase in the threshold after linalool odor exposure in TRPA1-defcient mice, indicating the analgesic effects of linalool odor even in TRPA1-defcient mice. Furthermore, intranasal application of TRPA1 selective antagonist did not alter the analgesic effect of linalool odor. These results showed that the linalool odor-induced analgesia was triggered by a TRPA1-independent pathway in mice.
BIOSEB Instruments Used:
Rodent pincher - analgesia meter (BIO-RP-M)