R Montjean, S Escaich, R Paolini, C Carelli, S Pirson
University of Li
Objective REG-O3 is a 24-aminoacid chimeric peptide combining a sequence derived from growth hormone (GH) and an analog of somatostatin (SST), molecules displaying cartilage repair and anti-inflammatory properties, respectively. This study aimed to investigate the disease-modifying osteoarthritis drug (DMOAD) potential of REG-O3 by analyzing its effect on pain, joint function and structure, upon injection into osteoarthritic rat knee joint.
Design Osteoarthritis was induced in the right knee of mature male Lewis rats (n = 12/group) by surgical transection of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACLT) combined with partial medial meniscectomy (pMMx). Treatments were administered intra-articularly from fourteen days after surgery through three consecutive injections one week apart. The effect of REG-O3, solubilized in a liposomal solution and injected at either 5, 25 or 50 _g/50 _L, was compared to liposomal (LIP), dexamethasone and hyaluronic acid (HA) solutions. The study endpoints were the pain/function measured once a week throughout the entire study, and the joint structure evaluated eight weeks after surgery using OARSI score.
Results ACLT/pMMx surgery induced a significant modification of weight bearing in all groups. When compared to liposomal solution, REG-O3 was able to significantly improve weight bearing as efficiently as dexamethasone and HA. REG-O3 (25 _g) was also able to significantly decrease OARSI histological global score as well as degeneration of both cartilage and matrix while the other treatments did not.
Conclusion This study provides evidence of a remarkable protecting effect of REG-O3 on pain/knee joint function and cartilage/matrix degradation in ACLT/pMMx model of rat osteoarthritis. REG-O3 thus displays an interesting profile as a DMOAD.
BIOSEB Instruments Used:
Dynamic Weight Bearing 2.0 (BIO-DWB-DUAL)